As talks with the government failed to reach an agreement, Zimbabwean teachers are striking to press their government to pay their salaries with U.S. dollars.
Workers, including educators, affected by sinking national financial system
Cash shortages have plunged Zimbabwe’s financial system into disarray, threatening social unrest and undermining President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s efforts to attract foreign investors. With not enough hard currency to back up funds credited in bank accounts, the value of electronic money has plummeted. This has caused businesses and civil servants to demand payment in U.S. dollars; funds that they can withdraw.
The Zimbabwe Teachers’ Association (ZIMTA), an Education International affiliate said its members would strike as spiralling inflation has left them unable to buy basic goods and fuel that are in short supply – Zimbabwe is struggling with acute shortages of fuel, forcing drivers to queue for hours.
ZIMTA President Richard Gundani explained that, while a meeting was held on 7 January between public sector unions and acting Labour Minister July Moyo (most teachers are employed by the government), no viable solutions were submitted by the government. The only agreement at the meeting was to re-start talks. Teachers would not report for work from 8 January.
Stressing that “all unions agreed that workers are affected and we provided sufficient justification that they are unable to work,” he went on insisting that ZIMTA had issued a 14-day notice to the government of its intention to strike.
According to ZIMTA National General Secretary Tapson Nganunu Sibanda, “Following months of extended negotiations and discussions with the government, which have led to no gain for underpaid Zimbabwean teachers, unions in Zimbabwe, and ZIMTA in particular, have declared incapacitation; teachers being unable to tend to their normal teaching jobs as regularly as before, beginning this Tuesday, 8 January 2019”.
Ever decreasing teachers’ living conditions and educational quality
An overwhelming majority the teachers in Zimbabwe have answered this call and did not report to work, he underlined.
Trade union demands submitted to the government are:
- Payment of teachers in foreign currency, or equivalent bond-rated salaries, due to the fact that the Zimbabwe currency, known as the bond, loses value almost daily. The bond is the local currency officially considered to be equivalent to the US dollar, but it currently has lost its value.
- Restoration of the teacher’s bonuses and allowances withdrawn in 2018.
Education International stands in solidarity with ZIMTA and Zimbabwean educators seeking to push their government to quickly act to improve teachers’ conditions of service.
“Failure to do so will further drive teachers into abject poverty, while fuelling the deterioration of quality teaching and learning in Zimbabwean schools,” warned Sibanda.
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